Serpent Addiction

Saturday, February 18, 2006

python builtin inflation

There's some talk on python-dev about adding defaultdict. One consequence of tinkering with Python is the number of builtins increase over time. Here's my only-slightly-tongue-in-cheek proposal. The total amount of builtins should be limited to a standard sized 80x24 xterm screen:

Python 2.4.2 (#2, Sep 30 2005, 21:19:01)
>>> dir(__builtins__)
['ArithmeticError', 'AssertionError', 'AttributeError', 'DeprecationWarning', 'EOFError', 'Ellipsis', 'EnvironmentError', 'Exception', 'False', 'FloatingPointError', 'FutureWarning', 'IOError', 'ImportError', 'IndentationError', 'IndexError', 'KeyError', 'KeyboardInterrupt', 'LookupError', 'MemoryError', 'NameError', 'None', 'NotImplemented', 'NotImplementedError', 'OSError', 'OverflowError', 'OverflowWarning', 'PendingDeprecationWarning', 'ReferenceError', 'RuntimeError', 'RuntimeWarning', 'StandardError', 'StopIteration', 'SyntaxError', 'SyntaxWarning', 'SystemError', 'SystemExit', 'TabError', 'True', 'TypeError', 'UnboundLocalError', 'UnicodeDecodeError', 'UnicodeEncodeError', 'UnicodeError', 'UnicodeTranslateError', 'UserWarning', 'ValueError', 'Warning', 'ZeroDivisionError', '__debug__', '__doc__', '__import__', '__name__', 'abs', 'apply', 'basestring', 'bool', 'buffer', 'callable', 'chr', 'classmethod', 'cmp', 'coerce', 'compile', 'complex', 'copyright', 'credits', 'delattr', 'dict', 'dir', 'divmod', 'enumerate', 'eval', 'execfile', 'exit', 'file', 'filter', 'float', 'frozenset', 'getattr', 'globals', 'hasattr', 'hash', 'help', 'hex', 'id', 'input', 'int', 'intern', 'isinstance', 'issubclass', 'iter', 'len', 'license', 'list', 'locals', 'long', 'map', 'max', 'min', 'object', 'oct', 'open', 'ord', 'pow', 'property', 'quit', 'range', 'raw_input', 'reduce', 'reload', 'repr', 'reversed', 'round', 'set', 'setattr', 'slice', 'sorted', 'staticmethod', 'str', 'sum', 'super', 'tuple', 'type', 'unichr', 'unicode', 'vars', 'xrange', 'zip']

We've got a little room for futher expansion, but many more will have to come at the cost of removing others. How did 'zip' ever get in there? ;-)

Interesting to compare with "classic" Python 1.52 ...

>>> dir(__builtins__)
['ArithmeticError', 'AssertionError', 'AttributeError', 'EOFError', 'Ellipsis', 'EnvironmentError', 'Exception', 'FloatingPointError', 'IOError', 'ImportError', 'IndexError', 'KeyError', 'KeyboardInterrupt', 'LookupError', 'MemoryError', 'NameError', 'None', 'NotImplementedError', 'OSError', 'OverflowError', 'RuntimeError', 'StandardError', 'SyntaxError', 'SystemError', 'SystemExit', 'TypeError', 'ValueError', 'ZeroDivisionError', '__debug__', '__doc__', '__import__', '__name__', 'abs', 'apply', 'buffer', 'callable', 'chr', 'cmp', 'coerce', 'compile', 'complex', 'delattr', 'dir', 'divmod', 'eval', 'execfile', 'exit', 'filter', 'float', 'getattr', 'globals', 'hasattr', 'hash', 'hex', 'id', 'input', 'int', 'intern', 'isinstance', 'issubclass', 'len', 'list', 'locals', 'long', 'map', 'max', 'min', 'oct', 'open', 'ord', 'pow', 'quit', 'range', 'raw_input', 'reduce', 'reload', 'repr', 'round', 'setattr', 'slice', 'str', 'tuple', 'type', 'vars', 'xrange']